CHOCOLATE :: chocolate truffles
What is the definition of a truffle?**
A chocolate truffle is a type of chocolate confectionery, traditionally made with a chocolate ganache center coated in chocolate or cocoa powder, usually in a spherical, conical, or curved shape. Other fillings may replace the ganache: cream, melted chocolate, caramel, nuts, almonds, berries, or other assorted sweet fruits, nougat, fudge, or toffee, mint, chocolate chips, marshmallow, and, popularly, liquor.
What is the history and variety of the chocolate truffle?**
The chocolate truffle was first created by M. Dufour in Chambery, France in December 1895. The original chocolate truffle was a ball of ganache made from chocolate and cream that was often rolled in cacao powder. They reached a wider public with the establishment of the Prestat chocolate shop in London by Antoine Dufour in 1902, which still sells 'Napoleon III' truffles to the original recipe.
It was named after the black truffle fungus because of its physical resemblance.
There are now three main types of chocolate truffles: American, European, and Swiss:
The 'American truffle' is a half-egg shaped chocolate-coated truffle, a mixture of dark or milk chocolates with butterfat and, in some cases, hardened coconut oil. Joseph Schmidt, a San Francisco chocolatier, and founder of Joseph Schmidt Confections, is credited with its creation in the mid-1980s.
The 'European truffle' is made with syrup and a base made up of cocoa powder, milk powder, fats, and other such ingredients to create an oil-in-water type emulsion.
The 'Swiss truffle' is made by combining melted chocolate into a boiling mixture of dairy cream and butter, which is poured into moulds to set before sprinkling with cocoa powder. Unlike the previous two kinds of truffles, these have a very short shelf-life and must be consumed within a few days of making.
Even though our truffles are dairy-free they are closest to the 'Swiss Truffle' but with a much, much longer shelf live.
** Some of the text and the images were extracted from Wikipedia. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.